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Common User Interface Elements

It's no secret that good design is key to a successful website. After all, users won't stick around if they can't find what they're looking for or if the site is visually unappealing. But what are some of the most important user interface (UI) elements that every designer should know? In this blog post, we'll highlight some of the most common UI elements.

The Most Common UI Elements


Alerts are urgent interruptions requiring acknowledgement that inform the user about a situation. The AlertDialog widget implements this component.

It is typically used to trigger an action, such as submitting a form or adding an item to a shopping cart.

Progress Indicator

A progress indicator is a visual element that shows the user how far along they are in a process. It can be used to track the progress of a task, such as completing a form or downloading a file.

A card is a UI element that contains information about a single item. They are commonly used in news feeds and image galleries.

App Bar

An app bar is a toolbar that is typically used in mobile applications. It can contain things like buttons, icons, and menus.


Checkboxes are used to allow users to select multiple items from a list. They are commonly used in forms and surveys.

Bottom Navigation

Bottom navigation is a type of navigation that is typically used in mobile applications. It allows users to quickly access the most frequently used features of an app from the bottom of the screen.


A slider allows users to select a value from a range of values. They are commonly used for things like adjusting the volume or brightness of a device.


A toggle is used to turn something on or off. They are commonly used for things like enabling or disabling notifications.

Dropdown Menu

Drop-down menus are used to provide a list of options that users can choose from. They are commonly used in forms and navigation menus.


Icons are visual elements that are used to represent things like actions, objects, or ideas. They can be used to help make a website more visually appealing and easier to navigate.

Date Time Picker

Date pickers use a dialog window to select a single date on mobile. Time pickers use a dialog to select a single time.


A Material Design panel that slides in horizontally from the edge of a Scaffold to show navigation links in an application.

Why UI Designers Need to Know Common UI Elements

Every designer should have a basic understanding of user interface elements. By understanding how these elements work, designers can create more intuitive and user-friendly designs.

Here are just a few reasons why UI designers need to know common UI elements:

To create consistent designs

Consistency is key when it comes to design. By understanding how various UI elements work, designers can create more consistent designs. This is important for both the user experience and the overall branding of a website.

By using the same or similar design elements throughout a website, designers can create a sense of cohesion that will make it easy for users to navigate and understand the content. Additionally, consistent design choices help to create a strong visual identity for a website, making it more recognizable and memorable.

When done well, consistent design can make a big impact on the user experience and the overall success of a website.

To avoid common design mistakes

There are some common design mistakes that can be easily avoided if designers have a solid understanding of UI elements.

For example, using the wrong type of input field can frustrate users and cause them to leave your site. Another mistake is not paying attention to typography. Poorly chosen fonts can make your site look unprofessional and difficult to read.

Finally, designers should be careful not to overload pages with too much content or too many visuals. By taking the time to understand common design mistakes, designers can create user-friendly websites that are both stylish and functional.

To save time

UI design is a complex process that requires a deep understanding of human-computer interaction. However, there are a few basic UI elements that can help to streamline the design process and save time. These include buttons, checkboxes, drop-down lists, and input fields.

Each of these elements serves a specific purpose, and understanding how to use them effectively can help to speed up the design process. In addition, using these elements consistently throughout the design can create a more cohesive and user-friendly interface.

Ultimately, taking the time to learn about UI design principles can save designers a lot of time in the long run.